Mystery from the depths
Top-class grapes only grow on vines whose roots are nourished with high quality, organic soil fauna. Vital subsoil ensures a perfect balance of minerals which later spread into the wine’s aroma.
This knowledge was long known to the ancient Etruscans, a people who had a decisive influence on Roman culture and settled the area around Terra Nera many centuries ago. Their knowledge of viticulture is legendary. Terra Nera is also referred to as an “island of rarities” in medieval texts because of its numerous distinctive features.
The preperation and planting of Terra Nera was the responsibility of agronomist Dr. Adriano Bottazzo with the support of the world famous Cavaliere Ezio Rivella.
Terra Nera (black earth) owes its name to the black-grey shale in which the vines are planted. This type of cultivation achieves a grape quality rich in finesse. The vines develop stronger roots and extract inorganic salts as well as iron and potassium from the depths of Maremma’s soil. Due to shale’s excellent water retention properties, additional minerals are released from the rock, providing the plants with a unique cocktail of nutrients. The cooler air produced by the mixed forest and the boggy soil give the vines additional irrigation in the form of morning dew. The pleasant wind blowing on Terra Nera provides an important additional cooling, especially in the hot months.
Due to the presence of four natural streams, the geographical location in the heart of the Maremma, the proximity to the Tyrrhenian Sea, the composition of the soil and the concentration of rare animal and plant species in the midst of unspoiled nature – a microclimate is created that enables low-humus ecological farming and a symbiosis that is globally unique.